OncodriveROLE predicts activating and loss of function cancer driver genes

ONCODRIVESWe are pleased to announce that the Oncodrive methods family has a new member: OncodriveROLE, an approach to classify cancer drivers into loss of function and activating roles. OncodriveROLE joins and complements the previously developed methods that identify cancer driver genes from the list of somatic mutations in cohort of tumors (OncodriveCLUST and OncodriveFM).

Cancer driver genes come in two main flavors: those that contain driver alterations which cause the loss of function (LoF) of the gene product (for instance, in tumor suppressor genes like TP53 or CDKN2A), and those with driver alterations that increase or change the activity or function of the protein product, such as oncogenes like PIK3CA or BRAF.

Distinguishing between these two classes of driver genes is very important to understand tumorigenesis in patients and has profound implications for therapeutic decision making and for the development of targeted drugs.

Read the rest of this entry »

Molecular subtypes of human cancer

Cancers are typically classified depending on their tissue of origin. However, novel large-scale genomic studies are providing more detailed molecular characterizations of tumors, and thus bring about the possibility of a more accurate classification based on their molecular profiling. Recently, our group has participated in the pan-cancer integrated subtypes study, published online today in Cell, in which a molecular taxonomy of cancer has been addressed by using the comprehensive multi-platform assays provided by the TCGA consortium for 12 diverse cancer types. This study represents an unprecedented effort to classify cancer by refining the molecular portrait of human malignancies. Read the rest of this entry »